Sustainable Agriculture and Natural Resources

Pakistan’s national economy is heavily dependent on agriculture where the contribution of this sector towards GDP currently stands at 25%.  About 70% of the total population lives in rural areas and is totally dependent on agriculture for its livelihood.  Agriculture sector employs more number of human resources than any other profession in the country.  Pakistan has made some significant progress in this field during the past 62 years but the country is still not self sufficient in grain production and a huge sum of foreign exchange is being spent on the import of food stuff from abroad. Industry is another sector whose growth and development depends on agriculture in the form of raw material to produce products for export.   However, it will remain a dream without first making progress in agriculture as did the industrial countries in the past few centuries.  By ignoring investment in agriculture sector in the form of research and development, we cannot bring industrial revolution in this country. 

The diversity of the climate regimes prevailed in this region of the world offers multiple cropping systems that include vegetable culture, grain and fruit production and medicinal plants. Some of these are so unique and can only be seen in this area.  Despite all this, the farming communities involved in this business are still not materializing their full potential and cannot overcome the vicious cycle of poverty and hunger.

This group aims to improve cereal and vegetable crops such as wheat and maize by conventional and biotechnological techniques against biotic and abiotic stresses in the changing paradigms of environment, to meet the needs of future and food security. In addition, we also aimed to improve the nutritional value of the crops for health benefits. The focus is also on the medicinal plants to best utilize this naturally available resource in human benefit.

Focus Areas

  • Crop-plant Improvement (Wheat,  Maize, vegetables and fruits Improvement, Biofortification,  higher yield potentials, and nutritional quality)
  • Plant and Soil Interactions
  • Plant-Medics( Exploitation of medicinal Plants)
  • Food Security
  • Water Resource Managment
  • Biodiversity Conseration